Midgård - Tidslinje i urval

Midgård: Tidslinje i urval, Första åldern tom Femhärarsslaget.
(Källa: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Arda)

Första Åldern
Under Trädens År börjar Ilúvatars barns Första Ålder, genom alvernas uppvaknande.

  • 4550 – Eru Ilúvatar väcker alverna.
  • 4580 – Melkor upptäcker och börjar fånga in alver i hemlighet. Melkor börjar avla fram orcherna från fångade alver, samt trollen.
  • 4590 – Valar går i krig mot Melkor för alvernas skull.
  • 4599 – Melkor tillfångatas och Utumno förstörs. Sauron undkommer infångande och förblir i Angband, avlandes orcher och troll till Melkor.
  • 4600 – Melkor blir förd till Valinor i kedjor och blir dömd till att avtjäna tre tidsåldrar i Mandos Hallar.
  • 4602 – Oromë för alvernas tre ambassadörer till Aman: Ingwë av Vanyar, Finwë av Noldor, och Elwë av Teleri
  • 4605 – Alvernas stora resa: Alverna avreser till Aman (alla hörsammar inte kallelsen—see Sundering of the Elves)
  • 4615-4625 – Dvärgarnas fäder och de första enterna väcks av Eru Ilúvatar; Alver upptäcker enterna och börjar lära dem språk.
  • 4669 – Fëanors föds. Rúmil uppfinner skriftspråket.
  • Nogrod och Belegost grundas av dvärgar; Khazad-dûm grundas av Durin den Dödslöse.
  • 4750 – Dvärgar från Nogrod och Belegost möter Sindaralver, etablerar handel. Fëanor utvecklar Tengwar.
  • c.4780 – Orcher börjar visa sig i Beleriand.
  • 4850 – Menegroths hallar färdigställs.
  • 4900 – Melkor, frigiven från sin dom, börjar korrumpera vissa Noldor.
  • 4950 – Fëanor färdigställer Simarillerna.
  • 4995 – Valinors mörkläggande. Manwë försöker hela fejden inom Noldor, och kallar Fëanor till en festival i Valimar. Melkor och Ungoliant förstör de Två Träden, dödar Finwë och stjäl simarillerna. Fëanor och hans söner svär en ed att återta simarillerna och en majoritet av Noldor lämnar Valinor; Noldor dödar många Teleri och beslagtar deras skepp i det första ättedråpet.
  • 4997 – Melkor återvänder till Angband, och försöker ta Beleriand: första slaget om Beleriand utkämpas; Denethor av Grönalverna dödas och Falas hamnar belägras. Noldor ankommer till Helcaraxë; Fëanor och hans följe förråder Indis söner och seglar över, bränner sedan skeppen. Noldors återkomst till Midgård. Morgoths armé attackerar Fëanor. Dagor-nuin-Giliath (“slaget under stjärnorna”) utkämpas. Fëanor dräps av balroger inom synhåll från Angband. Maedhros tas tillfånga.
  • 5000 – Resten av Noldor anländer i Midgård; månen stiger upp.

Solens år under Första Åldern.
Från denna tid är åren av normallängd. Händelser i Valinor under Solens år kan inte med säkerhet dateras. Dateringen börjar om på å 1, trots att dessa år fortfarande är en del av den Första Åldern.

  • 1 – Solen sätter segel för första gången, tideräkning enligt “Solens År” påbörjas. Människorna väcks i Hildórien.
  • 5 – Fingon räddar Maedhros. Fejden inom Noldor helas..
  • 52 – Finrod börjar bygga Nargothrond.
  • 60 – Dagor Aglareb: Noldor besegrar Morgoths styrkor och börjar belägringen av Angband.
  • 60–c. 200 – Melkor är frånvarande från Angband, efter att ha upptäckt människorna. Övertalade av Melkor slutar människor att tillbe Eru Ilúvatar och vänder sig till ondskan, men några revolterar: Atanatári. Dessa människor färdas mot väster, sökandes efter Valar, hjälpta av Avarialver och dvärgar. Enligt legenden förlorar människorna nu gåvan att själv välja tidpunkten för sin död genom ett gudomligt straff och blir dömda att leva korta liv där döden tar dem till slut.
  • 64 – Turgon börjar bygga Gondolin
  • 67 – Quenya förbjuds av Thingol.
  • 102 – Nargothrond färdigställs: Finrods folk lämnar Hithlum.
  • 116 – Gondolin färdigställs. Turgons börjar migrera från Nevrast i hemlighet.
  • 375 – Orcher attackerar Thargelion; många från Edains andra hus går under, men nästa år leder Haleth resten av dem till Estolad.
  • 455 – Morgoth bryter Angbands belägring genom Dagor Bragollach (“den plötsliga flammans slag”); Dorthonion blir ödelagt, Barahirs folk blir fredslösa. Styrkor under Sauron erövrar Finrods fästning Minas Tirith; Tol Sirion döps om till Tol-in-Gaurhoth, “Varulvarnas Ö”.
  • 456 – Fingolfin utmanar Morgoth på duell och blir dödad.
  • 463 – The first hosts of Easterlings appear in Beleriand.
  • 465 – Beren sets on a Quest of the Silmaril, comes to Nargothrond and receives help of Finrod Felagund. They are imprisoned in Tol-in-Gaurhoth. Finrod is slain by a werewolf, but Beren is rescued by Lúthien. Celegorm and Curufin are exiled from Nargothrond and try attacking them.
  • 466 – Beren and Lúthien come to Angband and achieve the Quest of the Silmaril. They return to Doriath, but Carcharoth ravages the land. Beren dies, and Lúthien abandons life. She pleads with Mandos and Beren and Lúthien are restored to life as mortals; they take up bodies again in Ossiriand.
  • 472 – Nírnaeth Arnoediad, “The Battle of Unnumbered Tears”, is fought at midsummer. Morgoth utterly defeats the Elves and Edain. Fingon and Huor are slain, but Gwindor and Húrin are captured. Easterlings invade Hithlum, in autumn Morwen sends Túrin to Doriath. Birth of Tuor, son of Huor.
  • 495 – Fall of Nargothrond in autumn; Orodreth and Gwindor perish. In the beginning of winter Túrin passes Ivrin; Tuor comes to Gondolin.
  • 499 – In spring Níniel conceives; in the beginning of summer slaying of Glaurung, and deaths of Túrin Turambar and Nienor Níniel.
  • 502 – Húrin brings the Nauglamír from Nargothrond to Thingol
  • 502 – Reforging of the Nauglamír and quarrel of Thingol and the Dwarves. Thingol is slain. Melian returns to Valinor in grief.
  • 503 – Doriath is sacked by Dwarves of Nogrod. Beren and the Laiquendi destroy the Dwarves, with the help of the Ents who prevent the Dwarves’ escape; Lúthien receives and wears the Silmaril, Dior travels to Doriath and tries to restore it. Birth of Eärendil and Elwing. Final deaths of Beren and Lúthien; Dior receives the Silmaril in autumn.
  • 506–7 – Sons of Fëanor attack Doriath at Yule. Doriath is destroyed in the Second Kinslaying; Dior, Celegorm, Curufin, and Caranthir are all slain. Elwing escapes for the Mouths of Sirion with the Silmaril.
  • 510 – Gondolin is betrayed by Maeglin and sacked; Glorfindel slays a Balrog in the Echoriath, Ecthelion slays Gothmog, both of them killed as well. Death of Turgon. Tuor and Idril escape.
  • 538 – Third Kinslaying: while Eärendil is away the remaining Sons of Fëanor attack the people of the Mouths of Sirion trying to claim the Silmaril. Elwing casts herself with the Jewel in the sea but is brought to Eärendil by Ulmo. Of the Sons of Fëanor only Maedhros and Maglor now remain.
  • 540 – Morgoth destroys the dwellings of Fëanorians upon Amon Ereb. The last inhabitants of Beleriand flee to the south or to the Isle of Balar. Morgoth’s triumph is complete.
  • 545 – The Host of the Valar arrives in Beleriand.
  • 545–587 – The War of Wrath. Morgoth is defeated; the remaining two Silmarils are stolen by Maedhros and Maglor, but are lost in the earth and in the sea; most of Beleriand and the lands to the north are sunk.
  • 590 – Morgoth is cast into the Void; the Elves are summoned to Valinor and settle in Tol Eressëa; a small part of the Noldor and Sindar remain in Lindon or depart east and establish realms.

Second Age
The Second Age was 3441 years long.

  • 1 – Foundation of Mithlond the Grey Havens under Círdan, and Lindon as the Noldorin Kingdom under Gil-galad
  • 32 – Edain når Númenor, Elros blir krönt till Númenors första konung.
  • c. 40 – Many Dwarves abandon the ruined cities of Belegost and Nogrod in the Ered Luin and join Durin’s folk in Moria
  • c. 500 – Sauron arises again in Middle-earth
  • c. 1050 – Sauron börjar bygga Barad-dûr
  • c. 1350 – Celeborn and Galadriel together with their daughter Celebrían emigrate from Eregion to Lórien; Celebrimbor becomes lord of Eregion
  • c. 1500 – the Noldor under Celebrimbor are instructed by Sauron, beginning of the forging of the Rings of Power
  • c. 1590 – The Three Rings are completed in Eregion.
  • c. 1600 – Forging of the One Ring; Barad-dûr completed; Celebrimbor begins fighting Sauron
  • 1693 – War of the Elves and Sauron begins, the Three Rings are hidden
  • 1697 – Eregion destroyed, Elrond establishes the refuge of Rivendell, Celebrimbor dies, the gates of Moria are shut.
  • 1699 – Rivendell and Lindon besieged, Sauron overruns Eriador.
  • 1700 – Minastir sends a great navy to Lindon; Sauron defeated; Sauron’s forces retreat from Eriador and the coasts
  • c. 1800 – Númenor begins establishing permanent settlements in Middle-earth, Sauron extends his power eastwards.
  • 2029 – Tar-Atanamir the Great becomes thirteenth king of Númenor but is hostile to the Valar. The Elendili or “Faithful” still receive the Elves in secret.
  • 2251 – The Ringwraiths first appear.
  • 3261 – Ar-Pharazôn sails to Middle-earth landing at Umbar, and takes Sauron captive
  • 3262 – Sauron is taken as prisoner to Númenor, but begins corrupting the Númenóreans
  • c. 3265 – Sauron becomes Ar-Pharazôn’s court advisor.
  • c. 3300 – Sauron establishes himself as High Priest of Melkor, “Lord of the Dark”; Elendili are openly persecuted and sacrificed to Morgoth
  • 3319 – Ar-Pharazôn sets foot on Aman; the World is Changed: Aman and Tol Eressëa are removed from Arda, Númenor is drowned, and the world is made round; Elendil and his sons arrive on the shores of Middle-earth
  • 3320 – Grundandet av Gondor and Arnor av Elendil och hans söner, Isildur och Anárion; Umbar grundas som ett rike i exil av Svarta Númenóreaner. Sauron återvänder till Mordor.
  • 3429 – Sauron attacks Gondor, conquers Minas Ithil and burns the White Tree; Isildur flees to Arnor while Anárion defends Osgiliath and Minas Anor
  • 3430 – The Last Alliance of Elves and Men is formed
  • 3434 – The Last Alliance crosses the Misty Mountains; Sauron’s forces are defeated in the Battle of Dagorlad; Siege of Barad-dûr begins
  • 3441 – Elendil and Gil-galad face Sauron in hand to hand combat, but they themselves perish; Isildur takes the shards of his father’s sword Narsil and cuts the One Ring from Sauron’s finger. Sauron’s physical form is destroyed and the Barad-Dûr is razed to the ground. In the aftermath of the War, many Elves of Gil-galad’s following depart to Valinor: end of the Noldorin realms in Middle-earth.

Third Age
The Third Age was 3,021 years long. Note on Shire Reckoning: Year 1601 of the Third Age, in which the Shire was founded, is year 1 of the Shire Reckoning. Thus, Third Age years can be converted into their Shire equivalents by deducting 1600.

  • 2 – Planting of the Second White Tree at Minas Tirith, Death of Isildur by Orcs in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields, losing the One Ring in the Gladden river
  • c. 550 – King Turambar of Gondor defeats the Easterlings of Rhûn; the Kingdom of Rhovanion becomes an ally of Gondor
  • 861 – Following Eärendur’s death, the kingdom of Arnor breaks up into Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur
  • c. 1000 – Trollkarlarna kommer till Midgård.
  • 1050 – Hyarmendacil I, king of Gondor, conquers Umbar, Hobbits migrate to Eriador. The shadow of Sauron falls upon Greenwood the Great, which is renamed Mirkwood.
  • 1248 – Rómendacil II of Gondor strikes decisive blow to the Easterlings; forms a strong alliance with Rhovanion, to which he cedes all the lands east of Anduin
  • 1300 – Nazgûl reappear in Middle-earth, the kingdom of Angmar first appears at Arthedain’s north-eastern border, built by the Witch-king, later revealed as Lord of the Nazgûl.
  • 1600 – Two Fallohide (see Hobbit) brothers decided to cross the River Baranduin and settle on the other side, and are followed by large numbers of Hobbits
  • 1601 – The Shire is first settled by Hobbits
  • 1634 – Corsairs of Umbar attack Gondor, slaying king Minardil at Pelargir, and raiding the city
  • 1636 – The Great Plague decimates Gondor and Rhovanion; Cirith Ungol is abandoned
  • 1851 – The Wainriders first attack Gondor
  • 1899 – Gondor attacks Wainriders from the east; the Kingdom of Rhovanion, occupied by Wainriders, rebels and is freed
  • 1944 – During an invasion by the Wainriders and the Haradrim, King Ondoher of Gondor is killed in battle with his sons; Haradrim, Wainriders and the Variags of Khand take Umbar; new Corsairs of Umbar emerge.
  • 1975 – Gondor destroys Angmar in the Battle of Fornost, death of Arvedui
  • 1980 – The Moria Dwarves awaken Durin’s Bane, a Balrog, which kills Durin VI, king of Khazad-dûm; the Nazgûl return to Mordor and lay siege to Minas Ithil.
  • 1981 – Durin VI’s son, Náin I, is also killed, and the Dwarves flee Moria; deaths of Amroth and Nimrodel
  • 2043 – King Eärnil II of Gondor dies and his son, the Witch-king’s old enemy, Eärnur inherits the throne. Upon his coronation, the Witch-king challenges him to combat, but King Eärnur refuses.
  • 2050 – The Witch-king again challenges King Eärnur, this time he accepts. Eärnur rides out of Minas Tirith to meet the Witch-king in Minas Morgul. He enters the city’s gates and is never seen again, thus ending the reign of the Gondorian Kings and causing the beginning of the Ruling Stewards of Gondor, until the time of King Elessar.
  • 2063 – Gandalf drives Sauron from Dol Guldur. The Watchful Peace begins.
  • 2210 – Thorin I, son of Thráin I, leaves Erebor with most of his people, settles in the Grey Mountains
  • 2460 – Sauron returns to Middle-earth; establishes himself in Dol Guldur in southern Mirkwood. The Watchful Peace ends.
  • 2510 – The alliance between Rohan and Gondor comes into existence. The Easterlings launch a massive invasion of Gondor. The Balchoth invade Rhovanion (which disappears as an independent realm) and Gondor, conquering much of Calenardhon, but are driven back by the people of Éothéod; Gondor gives the now-uninhabited province of Calenardhon to the people of Éothéod
  • 2590 – Thrór, son of Dáin I, leaves the Grey Mountains and resettles The Lonely Mountain, his brother, Grór, settles in the Iron Hills
  • 2747 – Bandobras “Bullroarer” Took leads a force of hobbits and defeats invading Orcs of the Misty Mountains in the Northfarthing at the Battle of Greenfields
  • 2758 – Dunlendings, under Wulf, invade Rohan, supported by the Corsairs of Umbar
  • Long Winter of 2758–2759 – The Dunlendings lay siege to Hornburg
  • 2759 – Helm Hammerhand, king of Rohan, freezes to death outside the fortress of Helm’s Deep, where he and his loyal subjects have taken refuge from the Dunlendings. He is succeeded by his nephew Fréaláf Hildeson; Saruman settles in Isengard
  • 2770 – Smaug lays waste to the town of Dale and captures Erebor with all of its treasure. The surviving dwarves there are driven into exile.
  • 2790 – Thrór enters Moria and is killed by Orc chieftain Azog, starting the War of the Dwarves and Orcs
  • 2799 – The Battle of Azanulbizar, the culmination of the War of the Dwarves and Orcs, is fought on Moria’s East Gate, in which the Dwarves defeat the Orcs of Moria, including slaying their chieftain Azog, but lack the strength to retake Moria.
  • 2802 – Thráin II, son of Thrór settles in the Blue Mountains
  • 2845 – Thráin II is captured by forces of Sauron and imprisoned in Dol Guldur after having wandered for four years trying to reclaim the lost treasure at Erebor and the last of the Dwarven Rings of Power is taken from him
  • 2850 – Gandalf enters Dol Guldur and confirms that the evil thereby found is indeed Sauron returned; Thráin II, broken, raving, and dying, gives Gandalf his map and key to be passed on to his son, Thorin Oakenshield
  • Fell Winter of 2911–2912 – wolves invade the Shire. Tharbad is ruined in the following floods.
  • March 15, 2941 – Thorin Oakenshield meets with Gandalf the Grey at the Prancing Pony in Bree, the Quest of Erebor begins
  • July, 2941 – Bilbo Baggins obtains the One Ring; the White Council drives Sauron out of Dol Guldur
  • October, 2941 – Esgaroth is attacked by the dragon Smaug, who is consequentially killed by Bard the Bowman; Thorin Oakenshield, Fíli, and Kíli killed at the Battle of Five Armies along with Bolg son of Azog; Dáin II Ironfoot becomes King of The Lonely Mountain; Town of Dale reestablished by Bard
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  • 2951 – Sauron reveals himself in Mordor, and starts raising Barad-dûr anew. Estel, later known as Aragorn, comes of age and is told about his heritage; the Corsairs of Umbar officially ally themselves with Mordor and destroy great monument commemorating Ar-Pharazôn’s victory over Sauron

Midgård - Tidslinje i urval

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